DEFENDING YOUR RIGHTS
You may have a pregnancy discrimination case if you suspect that you are being treated unfavorably due to your pregnancy or your plans on becoming pregnant. Unfortunately, you are not alone.
Over the past decade, more than 50,000 workers have filed pregnancy discrimination cases against their employers through the Economic Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
If your employer begins cutting your work hours, making snide comments about changes in your body due to pregnancy, or taking any other adverse action against you, then it is worth speaking to an employment discrimination attorney as soon as possible.
Knowing what steps to take immediately following discrimination in the workplace can be challenging as your employer’s human resource department may not be willing to help you when you file your complaint.
Therefore, we recommend instead that you contact a pregnancy discrimination attorney who can guide you on what to do next. A seasoned attorney can also review the details of your case and inform you of the compensation that you may be eligible to receive through a pregnancy discrimination claim.
In California, pregnancy discrimination involves treating a pregnant employee or job applicant antagonistically due to their pregnancy status or the possibility that they may become pregnant.
Discrimination based on pregnancy status is often dependent on the stereotype that pregnant women are less capable or that they will not continue their jobs after the birth of their children.
To establish a successful claim for pregnancy discrimination, you must prove the following scenarios in your case:
Employees must allow pregnant employees to work if they are still able to perform their jobs. For instance, employers cannot prohibit an employee from returning to their position for a predetermined length of time following the birth of their child.
Additionally, employees must hold a job open for a maternity leave or pregnancy-related absence for the same length of time as jobs held open for employees on medical or disability leave.
It is worth noting that workers with caregiving responsibilities are also protected against employment discrimination under both state and federal laws. Discrimination against working people with caregiving responsibilities outside of work can violate Title VII if the discriminatory behavior is based on sex.
The ADA prohibits employers from discriminating against employees who care for people with disabilities, including pregnancy-related disabilities.
If you are pregnant or if you are recovering from childbirth and or pregnancy-related medical conditions, then you are protected by both federal and state anti-discrimination legislation. In California, state laws protect employees against harassment and discrimination because of an employee’s pregnancy status, race, nationality, gender, or other protected class.
A range of workers are covered by state pregnancy discrimination laws including traditional full-time employees, part-time employees, temporary employees, job applicants, paid interns, and unpaid interns.
Pregnancy discrimination is illegal. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces two federal laws that protect pregnant job applicants and employees. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, amended by the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), expressly prohibits discrimination based on sex, including pregnancy discrimination. According to Title VII, pregnancy discrimination can be based on any of these characteristics:
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is the second federal law that offers protections for pregnant job applicants and employees. The ADA prohibits workplace discrimination based on disability. Though pregnancy is not listed as a disability under the ADA, pregnancy workers may endure medical impairments related to their pregnancies that can qualify as “disabilities” under the ADA.
As such, employers may have to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with pregnancy-related disabilities. Both the ADA and Title VII cover employment discrimination in all areas of employment such as:
Pregnant employees working for employers with 5 or more employees may be eligible for unpaid leave under California’s Pregnancy Disability Leave Act. This law permits pregnant employees to take up to four months of pregnancy leave.
State laws also provide an additional 12 weeks of unpaid leave to care for sick babies or bond with new children under the California Family Rights Act (CFRA). The leave provided by California state law runs concurrently with leave available under the federal Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA).
Federally and statewide, it is illegal for any employer to harass or discriminate against you due to your pregnancy status. An employer cannot fire you or refuse to hire you due to your pregnancy if you are still able to perform essential functions of the position.
If you are temporarily unable to perform the duties of your position due to your pregnancy, then your employer must treat you like any other temporarily disabled employee.
Pregnant employees are permitted to ask their employers for reasonable accommodation at work. For instance, employers can offer less strenuous work, different assignments, disability leave, or unpaid leave to pregnant workers.
Pregnant workers are permitted to work as long as they can still perform their jobs. Generally, if you are being treated unfavorably due to your pregnancy or plans to become pregnant, it is likely that you have a discrimination case.
The signs of pregnancy-related discrimination are not always so obvious, however. In some instances, employers will discriminate against pregnant employees when distributing employee benefits.
There are numerous examples of employers reducing a pregnant employee’s hours so that they no longer have health insurance coverage. Discriminatory employers have also offered pregnant new hires less medical coverage than nonpregnant employees and new hires.
Any health insurance provided to you by an employee must cover any medical expenses for pregnancy-related conditions, on the same cost basis as other medical conditions. Health insurance coverage for medical expenses related to abortion procedures is not required by law except in instances where the life of the mother is in danger.
Pregnancy-related expenses should be reimbursed in the same way as those incurred from other medical conditions. Your employer’s insurance provider may limit the amounts payable, however, it cannot impose increased deductibles.
The following scenarios are some examples of pregnancy discrimination in the workplace:
Generally, any instance where pregnant employees are explicitly or implicitly treated unfavorably is likely to be an example of pregnancy discrimination. Note that this applies to unfair treatment.
Employers are permitted to provide reasonable accommodations for pregnant employees at their request. For example, employers may offer extra bathroom breaks or assign the pregnant employee less strenuous tasks for the duration of their pregnancy.
LawLinq’s member attorneys regularly handle employment law cases, including pregnancy discrimination. In one such case, a client was promised by her employer that her job would be reinstated when she returned from maternity leave.
When she informed the company that she was ready to return, they told her that her position was terminated one week prior to the end of her leave. Later, she discovered that this was not true, and that the employer had given her position to a younger male instead. She sued them and received compensatory damages.
If you believe that you may have a claim for pregnancy discrimination in the workplace, then you should contact an employment or labor attorney.
Know that both Title VII and the ADA protect employees against retaliation. It is illegal for your employer to retaliate and take adverse action against you for opposing unlawful, discriminatory practices at work.
According to federal and state law, it is also illegal for your employer to treat you unfavorably at work due to your pregnancy or plans to have a child.
If you are uncertain that you have a pregnancy discrimination case, it is worth consulting with a labor or employment attorney who can review the facts of your case and help you determine what you could receive in a discrimination claim.
If you choose to pursue a claim, make sure that you collect as much documentation and evidence as possible; keep track of everything from emails to notes from meetings where these issues were discussed.
An experienced pregnancy discrimination lawyer can use this information to help you build a strong case against your employer so that you can receive the compensation and justice that you deserve.
Depending on your case, you could receive anywhere from $200,000 to $450,000 in a jury verdict. All pregnancy discrimination cases are different however, and case value is often dependent on a variety of factors.
Without speaking to a knowledgeable employment law attorney, it is impossible to know what you could receive in recovery for your case.
The negative effects of pregnancy discrimination in the workplace go beyond interfering with your career, your emotional, physical, and financial well-being can also be impacted.
If you present a successful lawsuit against your employer for employment discrimination, you could receive compensation for any of the following damages:
A Los Angeles pregnancy discrimination lawyer can help protect your rights if you’ve been treated unfairly because you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. If you live in the Los Angeles area and suspect that you may have a pregnancy discrimination case, do not go through your situation alone.
Contact LawLinq today. We can connect you with a reputable, high-performing employment attorney who can review your case and determine what you could receive in compensation for the damages you have suffered.
Our member attorneys are pre-screened and certified by the California State Bar. Collectively, our attorneys hold several years of experience in a range of employment cases, including cases involving pregnancy discrimination.
LawLinq can be your direct link to a seasoned attorney anywhere in the Los Angeles area. We know that finding an attorney while dealing with job termination or recovering from childbirth can be absolutely exhausting. Leave that work to us so that you can focus on your newborn child or your career search. Call us or fill out an online form today.
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